aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/dmvpn-ca
blob: 3b4b40555c966bef981cdcfc8e6bd0efe4de7f60 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
1374
1375
1376
1377
1378
1379
1380
1381
1382
1383
1384
1385
1386
1387
1388
1389
1390
1391
1392
1393
1394
1395
1396
1397
1398
1399
1400
1401
1402
1403
1404
1405
1406
1407
1408
1409
1410
1411
1412
1413
1414
1415
1416
1417
1418
1419
1420
1421
1422
1423
1424
1425
1426
1427
1428
1429
1430
1431
1432
1433
1434
1435
1436
1437
1438
1439
1440
1441
1442
1443
1444
1445
1446
1447
1448
1449
1450
1451
1452
1453
1454
1455
1456
1457
1458
1459
1460
1461
1462
1463
1464
1465
1466
1467
1468
1469
1470
1471
1472
1473
1474
1475
1476
1477
1478
1479
1480
1481
1482
1483
1484
1485
1486
1487
1488
1489
1490
1491
1492
1493
1494
1495
1496
1497
1498
1499
1500
1501
1502
1503
1504
1505
1506
1507
1508
1509
1510
1511
1512
1513
1514
1515
1516
1517
1518
1519
1520
1521
1522
#!/usr/bin/lua5.2

--[[
Certificate Authority tool for Dynamic Multipoint VPN

Copyright (c) 2014-2019 Kaarle Ritvanen
Copyright (c) 2015 Timo Teräs
Copyright (c) 2017 Natanael Copa

See LICENSE file for license details
]]--

conf_file = io.open(os.getenv('DMVPN_CA_CONF') or '/etc/dmvpn-ca.conf')
config = require('lyaml').load(conf_file:read('*a'))
conf_file:close()

asn1 = require('asn1')
rfc3779 = require('asn1.rfc3779')
rfc5280 = require('asn1.rfc5280')

dmvpn = require('dmvpn')

pkcs12 = require('openssl.pkcs12')
pkey = require('openssl.pkey')
x509 = require('openssl.x509')
x509an = require('openssl.x509.altname')
x509ch = require('openssl.x509.chain')
x509crl = require('openssl.x509.crl')
x509ext = require('openssl.x509.extension')
x509n = require('openssl.x509.name')

stat = require('posix.sys.stat')
unistd = require('posix.unistd')

stringy = require('stringy')

dev = io.open('/dev/urandom')
s = dev:read(4)
dev:close()
assert(s:len() == 4)
seed = 0
for i=1,4 do seed = seed * 256 + s:byte(i) end
math.randomseed(seed)


function set_config_defaults(config, defaults)
	for k, v in pairs(defaults) do
		if not config[k] then config[k] = v
		elseif type(v) == 'table' then
			set_config_defaults(config[k], v)
		end
	end
end

set_config_defaults(
	config,
	{
		db={file='/var/lib/misc/dmvpn-ca.sqlite3'},
		cert={
			lifetime=365 * 24 * 60 * 60,
			renewal=30 * 24 * 60 * 60,
			['hash-alg']='SHA256',
			key={type='EC', curve='secp384r1'}
		},
		ca={dn='O=DMVPN'},
		hub={
			dn='$ROOT,OU=Hubs,CN=$NAME',
			['default-name']='Hub-$ID',
			subnets={'10.0.0.0/8'}
		},
		spoke={
			dn='$ROOT,OU=$SITE,CN=$NAME',
			['default-name']='VPNc-$ID'
		},
		crl={},
		['password-length']=16,
		['default-asn']=65000
	}
)

for _, ct in ipairs{'ca', 'hub', 'spoke', 'crl'} do
	set_config_defaults(config[ct], config.cert)
end

if config.db['encrypt-keys'] == true then
	config.db['encrypt-keys'] = 'aes128'
end


now = os.time()

stat.umask(bit32.bor(stat.S_IRWXG, stat.S_IRWXO))


function connection()
	if not sql then
		sql = require('luasql.sqlite3').sqlite3()
		conn = sql:connect(config.db.file)
		conn:setautocommit(false)
	end
	return conn
end

function execute(statement)
	local res, err = connection():execute(statement)
	if res then return res end
	error(err)
end

function escape(s)
	if not s then return 'NULL' end
	return type(s) == 'string' and "'"..connection():escape(s).."'" or s
end

function value_list(values)
	local res = {}
	for k, v in pairs(values) do table.insert(res, k..' = '..escape(v)) end
	return res
end

function insert(tbl, values)
	local columns = {}
	local escaped = {}
	for k, v in pairs(values) do
		table.insert(columns, k)
		table.insert(escaped, escape(v))
	end
	execute(
		'INSERT INTO '..tbl..'('..table.concat(columns, ',')..
			') VALUES ('..table.concat(escaped, ',')..')'
	)
end

function where(filter)
	if not filter then return '' end
	if type(filter) == 'table' then
		filter = value_list(filter)
		if not next(filter) then return '' end
		filter = table.concat(filter, ' AND ')
	end
	return ' WHERE '..filter
end

function update(tbl, values, filter)
	execute(
		'UPDATE '..tbl..' SET '..
			table.concat(value_list(values), ', ')..where(filter)
	)
end

function delete(tbl, filter) execute('DELETE FROM '..tbl..where(filter)) end

function select_many(what, from, filter, mode, order)
	local cur = execute(
		'SELECT '..what..' FROM '..from..where(filter)..
			(order and ' ORDER BY '..order or '')
	)
	return function()
		local row = cur:fetch(mode and {}, mode)
		if row == nil then cur:close() end
		return row
	end
end

function select_certs(filter, order)
	return select_many('*', 'certificate', filter, 'a', order)
end

function select_one(...)
	local res
	for row in select_many(...) do
		assert(res == nil)
		res = row
	end
	return res
end

function exists(tbl, filter, active_only)
	if active_only then filter.active = '1' end
	return select_one('0', tbl, filter) and true or false
end

function next_key(tbl, key, filter)
	return (select_one('MAX('..key..')', tbl, filter) or 0) + 1
end

function select_cert(serial)
	return select_one('*', 'certificate', {serial=serial}, 'a')
end


function user_error(msg) error{false, msg} end
function syntax_error(msg) error{true, msg} end


function toint(s, min, max, desc)
	local i = tonumber(s)
	if i and i == math.floor(i) and i >= min and (not max or i <= max) then
		return i
	end
	if desc then user_error('Invalid '..desc..': '..s) end
end

function toid(s) return toint(s, 1, nil, 'ID') end


function detect_afi(s)
	x509an.new():add('IP', s)
	return s:find(':') and 2 or 1
end

function detect_prefix_afi(s)
	local function fail() user_error('Invalid network address: '..s) end

	local comps = stringy.split(s, '/')
	if #comps ~= 2 then fail() end

	local afi = detect_afi(comps[1])
	if not (afi and toint(comps[2], 0, ({32, 128})[afi])) then fail() end

	return afi
end


passwords = {}
function get_password(new, id)
	if not id then id = 'default' end
	if not passwords[id] then passwords[id] = dmvpn.get_password(new) end
	return passwords[id]
end

function decrypt_key(key)
	return pkey.new(key, 'PEM', 'private', get_password)
end

function load_cert(row)
	return x509.new(row.data, 'PEM'), decrypt_key(row.privateKey)
end

function load_ca_cert()
	if not ca_cert then ca_cert, ca_key = load_cert(select_cert(0)) end
	return ca_cert, ca_key
end

function encrypt_key(key, new_pw, pw_id)
	return key:getPrivateKey(
		config.db['encrypt-keys'] or nil,
		function() return get_password(new_pw, pw_id) end
	)
end

function sign(object, hash_alg, cert, key)
	if not cert then cert, key = load_ca_cert() end
	object:setIssuer(cert:getSubject())

	object:addExtension(
		x509ext.new(
			'authorityKeyIdentifier',
			'DER',
			rfc5280.AuthorityKeyIdentifier.encode{
				keyIdentifier=cert:getPublicKeyDigest()
			}
		)
	)

	return object:sign(key, hash_alg)
end

function issue_cert(attrs, func)
	local key = pkey.new(attrs.params.key)

	local ca = attrs.usage and attrs.usage.keyCertSign
	attrs.serial = ca and 0 or next_key('certificate', 'serial')

	local cert = x509.new()
	cert:setVersion(3)
	cert:setSerial(attrs.serial)
	cert:setPublicKey(key)
	
	local dn = x509n.new()
	for _, rdn in ipairs(stringy.split(attrs.dn, ',')) do
		local attr, value = string.match(rdn, '^%s*(%a+)=(.*)$')
		if not attr then user_error('Invalid RDN: '..rdn) end
		dn:add(attr, value)
	end
	cert:setSubject(dn)

	cert:setBasicConstraints{CA=attrs.usage}
	cert:setBasicConstraintsCritical(true)

	local issued = cert:getLifetime()
	local expires = issued + attrs.params.lifetime
	cert:setLifetime(issued, expires)

	attrs.issued = issued
	attrs.expires = expires
	attrs.privateKey = (ca or not attrs.usage) and encrypt_key(key, ca) or
		key:getPrivateKey()

	cert:addExtension(
		x509ext.new(
			'subjectKeyIdentifier',
			'DER',
			rfc5280.KeyIdentifier.encode(cert:getPublicKeyDigest())
		)
	)

	if attrs.usage then
		cert:addExtension(
			x509ext.new(
				'keyUsage',
				'DER',
				rfc5280.KeyUsage.encode(attrs.usage)
			)
		)
		attrs.usage = nil
	end

	local crl_dp = config.crl['dist-point']
	if crl_dp then
		cert:addExtension(
			x509ext.new(
				'crlDistributionPoints',
				'DER',
				rfc5280.CRLDistributionPoints.encode{
					{
						distributionPoint={
							fullName={{uniformResourceIdentifier=crl_dp}}
						}
					}
				}
			)
		)
	end

	if func then func(cert, attrs) end

	sign(cert, attrs.params['hash-alg'], ca and cert, ca and key)

	attrs.data = tostring(cert)
	attrs.dn = tostring(dn)
	attrs.params = nil
	attrs.sname = nil
	attrs.vname = nil
	insert('certificate', attrs)
	return attrs
end

function issue_ca_cert(usage)
	return issue_cert{dn=config.ca.dn, params=config.ca, usage=usage}
end

function export_cert(cert)
	local password = {}
	for i=1,config['password-length'] do
		local r = math.random(0, 61)
		if r > 35 then r = r + 61
		elseif r > 9 then r = r + 55
		else r = r + 48 end
		password[i] = r
	end
	password = string.char(table.unpack(password))

	local chain = x509ch.new()
	chain:add(load_ca_cert())

	if config.db['encrypt-keys'] then chain:add(load_crl_cert()) end

	chain:add(x509.new(cert.data, 'PEM'))

	local file = io.open(
		('%s_%s.%s.pfx'):format(cert.site, cert.vpnc, password), 'w'
	)
	file:write(
		tostring(
			pkcs12.new{
				key=decrypt_key(cert.privateKey),
				certs=chain,
				password=password
			}
		)
	)
	file:close()
end


function add_header(tbl, columns)
	if tbl[1] then table.insert(tbl, 1, columns) end
	return tbl
end


function format_cert_info(certs)
	local res = {}

	local function format_ts(timestamp) return
		os.date('%x %X', timestamp)
	end
	
	for _, cert in ipairs(certs) do
		local exp_info
		if cert.revoked then
			exp_info = 'Revoked '..format_ts(cert.revoked)
		else
			exp_info = 'Expire'..
				(cert.expires < now and 'd' or 's')..' '..
				format_ts(cert.expires)
		end
		table.insert(
			res,
			{cert.serial, cert.dn, format_ts(cert.issued), exp_info}
		)
	end

	return add_header(res, {'serial', 'dn', 'issued', 'validity'})
end

function print_cert(cert)
	print(x509.new(cert.data, 'PEM'):text{'ext_parse'})
end

function is_valid(cert, margin)
	return not cert.revoked and now < cert.expires - (margin or 0)
end

function revoke(filter)
	local revoked = {}
	for cert in select_certs(filter) do
		if is_valid(cert) then
			update(
				'certificate',
				{revoked=now},
				{serial=cert.serial}
			)
			cert.revoked = now
			table.insert(revoked, cert)
		end
	end
	if #revoked > 0 then delete('crl') end
	return revoked
end


function scan_next(desc)
	if #arg == 0 then
		if desc then syntax_error('Missing '..desc) end
		return
	end
	local res = arg[1]
	table.remove(arg, 1)
	return res
end

function scan_addr()
	local addr = scan_next('IP address')
	detect_afi(addr)
	return addr
end

function scan_subnet()
	local addr = scan_next('network address')
	detect_prefix_afi(addr)
	return addr
end

function scan_name_token()
	local token = scan_next('attribute')
	if token ~= 'name' then syntax_error('Invalid attribute: '..token) end
end

function scan_param(choices, desc, optional)
	if type(choices) == 'string' then choices = {choices} end

	local k = scan_next(not optional and desc)
	if not k then return end
	for _, v in ipairs(choices) do
		if k == v then return k, scan_next(k..' specification') end
	end
	syntax_error('Invalid '..desc..': '..k)
end


function scan_site_code() return scan_next('site code'):upper() end

function validate_site(code, retired)
	code = code:upper()
	if exists('site', {code=code}, not retired) then return code end
	user_error('Invalid site code: '..code)
end

function scan_site(retired) return validate_site(scan_site_code(), retired) end

function scan_site_selector(options)
	options = options or {}
	local _, code = scan_param(
		options.param or 'site', 'selector', options.required == false
	)
	if code then return validate_site(code, options.retired) end
end


function scan_site_filter(options)
	options = options or {}
	options.required = false

	local code = scan_site_selector(options)
	if code then return {code=code} end
end

function site_filter(filter, column)
	if not filter then return end
	if not column then column = 'site' end
	return {[column]=filter.code}
end


function scan_vpnc(options)
	options = options or {}

	if options.multiple and arg[1] == 'hubs' then return {site=''} end

	local k, v = scan_param({'hub', 'site'}, 'selector', options.multiple)
	if not k then return end

	local res, obj

	if k == 'hub' then
		res = {site='', id=v}
		obj = 'hub'
	else
		local _, vpnc = scan_param(
			options.id_attr or 'vpnc', 'VPNc number', true
		)
		if not (vpnc or options.multiple) then vpnc = 1 end

		res = {site=validate_site(v, options.retired), id=vpnc}
		obj = 'VPNc'
	end

	if res.id and not exists('vpnc', res, not options.retired) then
		user_error('Invalid '..obj..' number: '..res.id)
	end

	return res
end

function vpnc_filter(filter, site_column, id_column)
	if not filter then return end
	if not site_column then site_column = 'site' end
	if not id_column then id_column = 'vpnc' end
	return {[site_column]=filter.site, [id_column]=filter.id}
end


function scan_finished()
	if #arg > 0 then syntax_error('Invalid parameter: '..scan_next()) end
end


function display_active(value) return ({['0']='no', ['1']='yes'})[value] end

function show(tbl, columns, filter, mangle)
	local output = {columns}

	for row in select_many(table.concat(columns, ','), tbl, filter, 'a') do
		if row.active then row.active = display_active(row.active) end
		if mangle then mangle(row) end

		local line = {}
		for _, column in ipairs(columns) do
			table.insert(line, row[column] or '')
		end
		table.insert(output, line)
	end

	return output
end

function show_site(filter)
	return show('site', {'code', 'name', 'asn', 'active'}, filter)
end

function show_vpnc(site, vpnc)
	local filter = site and site_filter(site, 'v.site') or "v.site > ''"
	if vpnc then filter['v.id'] = vpnc end

	local columns = {
		'v.id', 'v.name', 'v.active', 'a1.address', 'a2.address'
	}
	local titles = {'vpnc', 'name', 'active','ipv4Address', 'ipv6Address'}
	local i = 2
	if not site then
		table.insert(columns, 1, 'v.site')
		table.insert(titles, 1, 'site')
		i = 3
	elseif site.code == '' then titles[1] = 'hub' end

	local output = {}

	for row in select_many(
		table.concat(columns, ', '),
		[[
			vpnc v
				LEFT JOIN greAddress a1
					ON v.site = a1.site AND
						v.id = a1.vpnc AND a1.family = 1
				LEFT JOIN greAddress a2
					ON v.site = a2.site AND
						v.id = a2.vpnc AND a2.family = 2
		]],
		filter,
		'n'
	) do
		if not row[i] then row[i] = '' end
		row[i + 1] = display_active(row[i + 1])
		table.insert(output, row)
	end

	return add_header(output, titles)
end


function add_subnet(site, addr)
	insert(
		'subnet',
		{site=site, family=detect_prefix_afi(addr), address=addr}
	)
end


function retire_vpnc(site, id)
	local filter = {site=site, id=id}
	local vf = vpnc_filter(filter)
	local revoked = revoke(vf)
	delete('greAddress', vf)
	update('vpnc', {active='0'}, filter)
	return format_cert_info(revoked)
end


function add_site(attrs)
	if not attrs.asn then attrs.asn = config['default-asn'] end
	insert('site', attrs)
end


function get_cert_by_serial(serial)
	scan_finished()

	serial = toint(serial, 0, nil, 'serial number')
	local cert = select_cert(serial)

	if not cert then user_error('Invalid serial number') end
	return cert
end

function get_certs()
	if arg[1] == 'serial' then
		local _, serial = scan_param('serial', 'serial number')
		return function(cert, v)
			return not v and cert or nil
		end, get_cert_by_serial(serial)
	end

	if arg[1] == 'crl' then
		return select_certs('site IS NULL AND serial > 0')
	end

	return select_certs(
		vpnc_filter(scan_vpnc{multiple=true, retired=true}) or
			'serial > 0'
	)
end


function try_load_crl_cert()
	if not config.db['encrypt-keys'] then
		return table.unpack{load_ca_cert()}
	end

	if not crl_cert then
		for row in select_certs(
			'site IS NULL and serial > 0', 'serial DESC'
		) do
			if not crl_cert then
				local cert, key = load_cert(row)
				if is_valid(row) then
					crl_cert = cert
					crl_key = key
				end
			end
		end
	end
	return crl_cert, crl_key
end

function load_crl_cert()
	local cert, key = try_load_crl_cert()
	if not cert then user_error('No valid CRL signing key found') end
	return cert, key
end

function generate_crl()
	local crl = x509crl.new()
	crl:setVersion(2)

	local old_serial = select_one('serial', 'crl')
	local new_serial = (old_serial or 0) + 1

	crl:addExtension(
		x509ext.new(
			'crlNumber', 'DER', rfc5280.CRLNumber.encode(new_serial)
		)
	)

	local timestamp = crl:getLastUpdate()
	local expires = timestamp + config.crl.lifetime
	crl:setNextUpdate(expires)

	for cert in select_certs() do
		if cert.expires > timestamp and cert.revoked then
			crl:add(cert.serial, cert.revoked)
		end
	end

	sign(crl, config.crl['hash-alg'], table.unpack{load_crl_cert()})

	insert('crl', {serial=new_serial, expires=expires, data=tostring(crl)})
	if old_serial then delete('crl', {serial=old_serial}) end

	return crl
end

function get_crl()
	local row = select_one('expires, data', 'crl', nil, 'n')
	return row and now < row[1] - config.crl.renewal and x509crl.new(row[2])
		or generate_crl()
end


function print_table(tbl)
	local colwidth = {}
	for _, row in ipairs(tbl) do
		for i, col in ipairs(row) do
			colwidth[i] = math.max(
				colwidth[i] or 0, string.len(col)
			)
		end
	end
	for _, row in ipairs(tbl) do
		for i = 1,#row do
			if i > 1 then io.write('  ') end
			io.write(row[i])
			if i < #row then
				for _ = 1,colwidth[i] - string.len(row[i]) do
					io.write(' ')
				end
			end
		end
		io.write('\n')
	end
end

function simple_confirm(func)
	if not unistd.isatty(0) then return end
	func()
	io.write('\nContinue (y/n)? ')
	io.stdout:flush()
	local input = io.read()
	if not input or input:lower() ~= 'y' then os.exit() end
	io.write('\n')
end

function confirm(object, action, tbl)
	if #tbl == 0 then return end
	simple_confirm(
		function()
			io.write('The following '..object..' will be '..action..':\n\n')
			print_table(tbl)
		end
	)
end


cert_select_syntax = '[serial <num>|hubs|hub <id>|site <abbr> [vpnc <id>]|crl]'

commands = {
	site={
		add={
			'<abbr>',
			function()
				local site = scan_site_code()
				scan_finished()

				add_site{code=site}
			end
		},
		set={
			'{asn|name} <value> <abbr>',
			function()
				local k, v = scan_param(
					{'asn', 'name'}, 'attribute'
				)
				local site = scan_site()
				scan_finished()

				if k == 'asn' then
					v = toint(
						v,
						0,
						math.pow(2, 16) - 1,
						'AS number'
					)
				end

				update('site', {[k]=v}, {code=site})
			end
		},
		unset={
			'name <abbr>',
			function()
				scan_name_token()
				local site = scan_site()
				scan_finished()

				update('site', {name=false}, {code=site})
			end
		},
		show={
			'[code <abbr>]',
			function()
				local site = scan_site_filter{
					param='code', retired=true
				}
				scan_finished()

				return show_site(site or "code > ''")
			end
		},
		retire={
			'<abbr>',
			function()
				local site = scan_site()
				scan_finished()
				confirm('site', 'retired', show_site{code=site})

				delete('subnet', {site=site})
				local output = retire_vpnc(site)
				update('site', {active='0'}, {code=site})
				return output
			end
		}
	},
	subnet={
		add={
			'<addr> site <abbr>',
			function()
				local addr = scan_subnet()
				local site = scan_site_selector()
				scan_finished()

				add_subnet(site, addr)
			end
		},
		show={
			'[site <abbr>]',
			function()
				local site = scan_site_filter()
				scan_finished()

				return show(
					'subnet',
					{'site', 'address'},
					site and site_filter(site) or
						"site > ''"
				)
			end
		},
		del={
			'<addr> [site <abbr>]',
			function()
				local addr = scan_subnet()
				local filter = site_filter(scan_site_filter())
				scan_finished()

				if not filter then filter = {} end
				filter.address = addr

				if not exists('subnet', filter) then
					user_error(
						'Address does not exist: '..addr
					)
				end

				delete('subnet', filter)
			end
		}
	},
	vpnc={
		create={
			'site <abbr> [id <num>]',
			function()
				local site = scan_site_selector()
				local _, id = scan_param('id', 'VPNc ID', true)
				scan_finished()

				insert(
					'vpnc',
					{
						site=site,
						id=id and toid(id) or
							next_key(
								'vpnc',
								'id',
								{site=site}
							)
					}
				)
			end
		},
		set={
			'name <value> site <abbr> id <num>',
			function()
				local _, name = scan_param('name', 'attribute')
				local vpnc = scan_vpnc{id_attr='id'}
				scan_finished()

				update('vpnc', {name=name}, vpnc)
			end
		},
		unset={
			'name site <abbr> id <num>',
			function()
				scan_name_token()
				local vpnc = scan_vpnc{id_attr='id'}
				scan_finished()

				update('vpnc', {name=false}, vpnc)
			end
		},
		show={
			'[site <abbr>]',
			function()
				local site = scan_site_filter{retired=true}
				scan_finished()

				return show_vpnc(site)
			end
		},
		retire={
			'<id> site <abbr>',
			function()
				local id = toid(scan_next('VPNc number'))
				local site = scan_site_selector()
				scan_finished()
				confirm(
					'VPNc',
					'retired',
					show_vpnc({code=site}, id)
				)

				return retire_vpnc(site, id)
			end
		}
	},
	['gre-addr']={
		add={
			'<addr> {hub <id>|site <abbr> [vpnc <id>]}',
			function()
				local addr = scan_addr()
				local vpnc = scan_vpnc()
				scan_finished()

				insert(
					'greAddress',
					{
						site=vpnc.site,
						vpnc=vpnc.id,
						family=detect_afi(addr),
						address=addr
					}
				)
			end
		},
		del={
			'<addr>',
			function()
				local addr = scan_addr()
				scan_finished()

				delete('greAddress', {address=addr})
			end
		}
	},
	hub={
		create={
			'[<id>]',
			function()
				local id = scan_next()
				scan_finished()

				insert(
					'vpnc',
					{
						site='',
						id=id and toid(id) or
							next_key(
								'vpnc',
								'id',
								{site=''}
							)
					}
				)
			end
		},
		set={
			'name <value> <id>',
			function()
				local _, name = scan_param('name', 'attribute')
				local id = toid(scan_next('hub number'))
				scan_finished()

				update('vpnc', {name=name}, {site='', id=id})
			end
		},
		unset={
			'name <id>',
			function()
				scan_name_token()
				local id = toid(scan_next('hub number'))
				scan_finished()

				update('vpnc', {name=false}, {site='', id=id})
			end
		},
		show={
			'',
			function()
				scan_finished()

				return show_vpnc{code=''}
			end
		},
		retire={
			'<id>',
			function()
				local id = toid(scan_next('hub number'))
				scan_finished()
				confirm(
					'hub',
					'retired',
					show_vpnc({code=''}, id)
				)

				return retire_vpnc('', id)
			end
		}
	},
	['root-cert']={
		generate={
			'',
			function()
				scan_finished()

				if stat.stat(config.db.file) then
					simple_confirm(
						function()
							io.write('Current configuration and all keys will be lost.\n')
						end
					)
				end

				os.remove(config.db.file)
				for _, statement in ipairs(
					{
						[[
							CREATE TABLE site (
								code VARCHAR(16) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
								asn INTEGER NOT NULL,
								name VARCHAR(32),
								active CHAR(1) DEFAULT '1'
							)
						]],
						[[
							CREATE TABLE subnet (
								site VARCHAR(16) NOT NULL REFERENCES site(code),
								family INTEGER NOT NULL,
								address CHAR(14) NOT NULL,
								PRIMARY KEY(site, family, address)
							)
						]],
						[[
							CREATE TABLE vpnc (
								site VARCHAR(16) NOT NULL REFERENCES site(code),
								id INTEGER NOT NULL,
								name VARCHAR(32),
								active CHAR(1) DEFAULT '1',
								PRIMARY KEY(site, id)
							)
						]],
						[[
							CREATE TABLE greAddress (
								site VARCHAR(16) NOT NULL,
								vpnc INTEGER NOT NULL,
								family INTEGER NOT NULL,
								address CHAR(14) NOT NULL,
								PRIMARY KEY(site, vpnc, family),
								FOREIGN KEY(site, vpnc) REFERENCES vpnc(site, id),
								UNIQUE(family, address)
							)
						]],
						[[
							CREATE TABLE certificate (
								serial INTEGER NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
								site VARCHAR(16),
								vpnc INTEGER,
								dn VARCHAR(128) NOT NULL,
								issued DATETIME NOT NULL,
								expires DATETIME NOT NULL,
								revoked DATETIME,
								privateKey TEXT NOT NULL,
								data TEXT NOT NULL,
								FOREIGN KEY(site, vpnc) REFERENCES vpnc(site, id)
							)
						]],
						[[
							CREATE TABLE crl (
								serial INTEGER NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
								expires DATETIME NOT NULL,
								data TEXT NOT NULL
							)
						]]
					}
				) do execute(statement) end

				add_site{code=''}
				for _, subnet in ipairs(config.hub.subnets) do
					add_subnet('', subnet)
				end

				issue_ca_cert{
					keyCertSign=true,
					cRLSign=not config.db['encrypt-keys']
				}
			end
		},
		show={
			'',
			function()
				scan_finished()
				print_cert(get_cert_by_serial(0))
			end
		}
	},
	cert={
		generate={
			'[hubs|hub <id>|site <abbr> [vpnc <id>]|crl]',
			function()
				local crl = arg[1] == 'crl'
				local vpnc = not crl and vpnc_filter(
					scan_vpnc{multiple=true},
					's.code',
					'v.id'
				)

				local dns = {}
				local gen_crl_cert
				if not vpnc then
					gen_crl_cert = not try_load_crl_cert()
					if gen_crl_cert then
						table.insert(
							dns, {config.ca.dn}
						)
					end
				end

				local subjects = {}

				if not crl then
					local filter = vpnc or {}
					filter['s.active'] = '1'
					filter['v.active'] = '1'

					for row in select_many(
						's.code, v.id, s.asn, s.name, v.name',
						'site s INNER JOIN vpnc v ON s.code = v.site',
						filter,
						'n'
					) do
						local attrs = {
							site=row[1],
							vpnc=row[2],
							asn=row[3],
							sname=row[4],
							vname=row[5]
						}

						attrs.params = config[
							attrs.site == '' and
								'hub' or 'spoke'
						]

						local function insert()
							attrs.dn = attrs.params.dn:gsub(
								'%$(%u+)',
								{
									ROOT=config.ca.dn,
									SITE=attrs.sname or
										attrs.site,
									NAME=attrs.vname or
										attrs.params[
											'default-name'
										]:gsub(
											'$ID',
											attrs.vpnc
										)
								}
							)

							table.insert(
								subjects, attrs
							)
							table.insert(
								dns,
								{tostring(attrs.dn)}
							)
						end

						if vpnc then insert()

						else
							local valid
							for cert in select_certs{
								site=row[1],
								vpnc=row[2]
							} do
								if is_valid(
									cert,
									attrs.params.renewal
								) then
									valid = true
								end
							end
							if not valid then
								insert()
							end
						end
					end
				end

				add_header(dns, {'dn'})
				confirm('certificates', 'issued', dns)

				local issued = {}

				if gen_crl_cert then
					table.insert(
						issued,
						issue_ca_cert{cRLSign=true}
					)
				end

				for _, attrs in ipairs(subjects) do
					local asn = attrs.asn
					attrs.asn = nil

					local cert = issue_cert(
						attrs,
						function(cert, attrs)

							local function get_subnets()
								return select_many(
									'family, address',
									'subnet',
									{site=attrs.site},
									'a'
								)
							end

							local function get_gre_addrs()
								return select_many(
									'family, address',
									'greAddress',
									{site=attrs.site, vpnc=attrs.vpnc},
									'a'
								)
							end

							cert:addExtension(
								x509ext.new(
									dmvpn.OID_IS_HUB,
									'critical,DER',
									asn1.boolean.encode(attrs.site == '')
								)
							)

							local hosts = config.hub.hosts
							if hosts then
								cert:addExtension(
									x509ext.new(
										dmvpn.OID_HUB_HOSTS,
										'DER',
										asn1.sequence_of(asn1.ia5string).encode(hosts)
									)
								)
							end

							local net_config = {}
							local pr_config = {}
							for subnet in get_subnets() do
								local f = subnet.family
								if not pr_config[f] then
									pr_config[f] = {}
									table.insert(
										net_config,
										{
											addressFamily={afi=f},
											ipAddressChoice={
												addressesOrRanges=pr_config[f]
											}
										}
									)
								end
								table.insert(
									pr_config[f],
									{addressPrefix=subnet.address}
								)
							end
							if net_config[1] then
								cert:addExtension(
									x509ext.new(
										'sbgp-ipAddrBlock',
										'critical,DER',
										rfc3779.IPAddrBlocks.encode(net_config)
									)
								)
							end

							local san
							for ga in get_gre_addrs() do
								if not san then
									san = x509an.new()
								end
								san:add(
									'IP',
									ga.address
								)
							end
							if san then
								cert:setSubjectAlt(san)
							end

							cert:addExtension(
								x509ext.new(
									'sbgp-autonomousSysNum',
									'critical,DER',
									rfc3779.ASIdentifiers.encode{
										asnum={asIdsOrRanges={{id=asn}}}
									}
								)
							)
						end
					)
					export_cert(cert)
					table.insert(issued, cert)
				end

				return format_cert_info(issued)
			end
		},
		list={
			cert_select_syntax,
			function()
				local certs = {}
				for cert in get_certs() do
					table.insert(certs, cert)
				end
				return format_cert_info(certs)
			end
		},
		show={
			cert_select_syntax,
			function()
				for cert in get_certs() do print_cert(cert) end
			end
		},
		revoke={
			cert_select_syntax,
			function()
				local certs = {}
				for cert, selector in get_certs() do
					local valid = is_valid(cert)
					if selector == 'serial' and
						not valid then

						user_error('Certificate already expired or revoked')
					end
					if valid then
						table.insert(certs, cert)
					end
				end
				confirm(
					'certificates',
					'revoked',
					format_cert_info(certs)
				)

				local revoked = {}
				for _, cert in ipairs(certs) do
					table.insert(
						revoked,
						revoke{serial=cert.serial}[1]
					)
				end
				return format_cert_info(revoked)
			end
		},
		export={
			'serial <num>',
			function()
				local _, serial = scan_param(
					'serial', 'selector'
				)
				local cert = get_cert_by_serial(serial)
				if not cert.site then
					user_error(
						'Cannot export CA certificate'
					)
				end
				export_cert(cert)
			end
		}
	},
	crl={
		generate={
			'',
			function()
				scan_finished()
				io.write(tostring(generate_crl()))
			end
		},
		show={
			'',
			function()
				scan_finished()
				io.write(get_crl():text())
			end
		},
		export={
			'',
			function()
				scan_finished()
				io.write(tostring(get_crl()))
			end
		}
	},
	password={
		set={
			'',
			function()
				for row in select_many(
					'serial, privateKey',
					'certificate',
					nil,
					'n'
				) do
					update(
						'certificate',
						{
							privateKey=encrypt_key(
								decrypt_key(row[2]),
								true,
								'new'
							)
						},
						{serial=row[1]}
					)
				end
			end
		}
	}
}

function scan_command(obj_type)
	local prefix = 'dmvpn-ca '..(obj_type and obj_type..' ' or '')
	local cmd = scan_next()
	local choices = obj_type and commands[obj_type] or commands
	local res = choices[cmd]
	if res then
		if obj_type then return prefix..cmd..' '..res[1], res[2] end
		return scan_command(cmd)
	end
	print('Available commands:')
	for k, v in pairs(choices) do
		print('\t'..prefix..k..(obj_type and ' '..v[1] or ''))
	end
end

syntax, func = scan_command()

if syntax then
	status, output = xpcall(
		func,
		function(err)
			if type(err) == 'string' then
				return err..'\n'..debug.traceback()
			end
			return err[2]..(err[1] and '\n\nSyntax: '..syntax or '')
		end
	)
	if status then
		if output then print_table(output) end
		if sql then conn:commit() end
	else print(output) end
end

if sql then
	conn:close()
	sql:close()
end

os.exit(status and 0 or 1)